The adult LT model has an improved articulating binding spindle with auto-centering guides and oversized toe crampons for a secure and comfortable grip and stride. Often made of composite material, these work well in icy conditions, on very steep terrain, and in the harsh conditions you’ll find well off the trail. From the moment you arrive, you’ll see what sets us apart from our competition. I am really happy to hear you found us by reading other reviews, all of which really highlight the value that guides like Marc bring to your experience. For a full refund, cancel at least 24 hours in advance of the start date of the experience. Instead of a uni-body aluminum frame like the EVO’s it has a polymer decking that make these snowshoes lighter while not sacrificing quality and stability. Most snowshoes above range from 22 inches at the short end (MSR's Lightning Ascent and Evo Trail) up to 36 inches at the long end (the Tubbs Mountaineer). We appreciate you taking the time to let us know the details of what made your adventure with us so positive and memorable. This almost gives you two snowshoes in one. She is one of those people that brings the sun with her :) Thank you for your recommenation, and we hope to see you on a future adventure in Banff. Book your room at our New Hampshire Bed and Breakfast today! Elite Mountain Supplies has the largest selection of snowshoes in the UK. The latest review was added on January 15, 2021. Snowshoeing on Top of the World is hosted by White Mountain Adventures. What a day! Very professional, felt in good hands and communication was very frie, Friendly, experienced and informative guides. 56 Reviews 56 reviews with an average rating of 4.5 out of 5 ... solitude descends on most backcountry areas, softening the landscapes with white. $96.82 - $257.28 Next page. Thank you so much for your review. White Mountain Adventures Dennis Breymann And this new playground is available to you—if you have a little know-how and a good pair of snowshoes. It, My wife and I have just returned from an unforgettable day experiencing White Mountain Tour’s Larch Walk! Fantastic Scenery at 7500'+ Above Sea Level, We booked our snowshoeing with White Mountain based upon reviews we saw here. Ich bin Mitglied im KFT/VDH/FCI und habe meinen Kennelnamen "White Snowshoes" schützen lassen. Contact us; Français; About. Let us know when you are back in Banff, as there are lots of snowshoe adventures to be had. Travelers should have a moderate physical fitness level, This tour/activity will have a maximum of 11 travelers. Thank you for taking the time to write a review for Jess and Chris. Previous page. The scenery was, Hi Doug, Thank you for your review. You just need to find a great pair of snowshoes. Here are a few of our favorite places to go snowshoeing near the Inn: After a full day of adventure, there’s little doubt you’ll be ready to return to the Sugar Hill Inn, where our warm and inviting atmosphere will provide you with the perfect respite for some much needed R&R. Ich habe nur ein- bis zweimal im Jahr Welpen aus vorzüglichen Verpaarungen. Ich lege großen Wert auf Gesundheit und dem Rassestandard entsprechende Merkmale sowie Wesensfestigkeit. They are suitable for use on all terrains thanks to the high-traction bottom. Though snowshoeing is not really an adrenaline sport, I hear again and again that just being out in this beautiful area in such deep snow brings out the joy of being a kid again. White Mountain Adventures Dennis Breymann, I recently joined White Mountains Adventures for their snowshoeing on top of the world tour at Sunshine Meadows. The snow is waiting. GV Snowshoes: Manufactured in Canada, Tested Worldwide. Not m, We did a heli-hike to Mount Charles Stewart Peak out of Canmore. Anyone who stayed behi, Mark our guide was absolutely amazing. Mountain: Backcountry snowboarders, mountaineers, and experienced hikers are most likely to purchase ultra-tough snowshoes. For the latter, read on. We will let her know you appreciated her. Sam from White Mountain was a great guide, ... Hi Zenak2412, Thank you for your kind review! For the former, visit our Beginner’s Guide to Snowshoeing. Safety and Co-vid prepared. We are known for our fine dining, original art and stylish guest rooms and cottages. White Mountain Adventures Dennis Breymann, We can't say enough good about this trip. Hi Doug, Thank you for your review. This blog post is part of "The Guide to Winter Activities in The White Mountains" blog series. Read more. 8 people found this helpful. Looks like winter has hit the Whites and I’m due snowshoes. Don’t take it from us – here’s what people have to say about this operator. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1 . I love them though and would buy them again! What is the Snowshoeing on Top of the World cancellation policy? As a general rule, shorter snowshoes are best for on-trail use and longer models are ideal for deep snow and the backcountry. I really enjoyed his sense of humor and loved that he shared his extensive knowledge of, Taking the Ridgeline Hike up on Fortress Mountain, with a side-by-side ATV and our highly informative, educational, My husband and I decided to try something different and signed up for White Mountain Adventures Larch ATV tour. That said, the drive through Kananaskis is stunning as you say, and the Fortress area is a favorite filming location for Hollywood for a reason! White Mountains Snowshoeing! I will be sure to let Marc know you appreciated his energy. We were a family of 5 with three children between 8 and 15. New a la carte menu – Starting February 21st, Looking Forward to Spring in Franconia Notch State Park, Book your room at our New Hampshire Bed and Breakfast today, Mount Washington Valley Ski Touring & Snowshoe Foundation, Book your getaway to the White Mountains this winter, and let us take care of you at the Sugar Hill Inn Bed and Breakfast, 3 Great Ski Resorts in the White Mountains for 2021, Restoring the Sugar Hill Inn – Historic Preservation of a 200 year old Inn (Part 1), Wine and Dine at our New Hampshire Getaway This Winter, One of the Best Romantic Getaways in New Hampshire, Feel free to explore the snowshoeing trails at, Head to Intervale to discover the 45km of groomed cross country and snowshoe trails at. First mistake. Stunning 360 degree views! It was such a great day and our guides Jess and Chris were fantastic, they were full of fun facts and knowledge to share with us and took great care in making sure. This is a higher end version of the MSR EVO snowshoes reviewed above. As a UK company all our stock is kept in our UK warehouse so we can ship your snowshoes for next day delivery. We look forward to sharing another adventure with you soon. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. We have reviewed the five best boots for … Very few people experience the snowcat snowshoe, perhaps because it is a longer drive from Banff. Hi Philip, Hope all is well. What a day - great experience, fantastic guide. Snowshoeing on Top of the World cancellation policy: For a full refund, cancel at least 24 hours in advance of the start date of the experience. I am really happy to hear you found us by reading other reviews, all of which really highlight the value that guides like Marc bring to your experience. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. We have tested close to 20 unique pairs over the last 7 years, with 12 in this 2021 review. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for WHITE MOUNTAIN 7''x17'' Kid Snowshoes with Carry Tote Bag (Bear) at Amazon.com. This sp, Awesome day hike with our guide Jeff Samson. 4 comments . Book your getaway to the White Mountains this winter, and let us take care of you at the Sugar Hill Inn Bed and Breakfast. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Great guide and I feel like I know a bit more about the area and look forward to years of exploring. Are you a hiking junkie who wants to keep hitting trails even when they are blanketed in snow? more, Snowshoeing on Top of the World provided by White Mountain Adventures, Awesome Guide and Tour of Johnston Canyon, One of the highlights of my trip out West, An outstanding "Lord of the Rings" experience on the Ridgeline at Fortress. If you look closely, you can pick out the radio towers on the Washington summit… The storm that passed through on Tuesday dropped a nice fluffy cushion on the area, so I figured I’d give the snowshoes a whirl. Bonding over a love of slick Quincy Quarry granite, White Mountain sufferfests, and scheming up adventures while folding tee-shirts, today Tim and Doug collaborate to write about their favorite outdoor activities and occasionally get nostalgic about tee-shirt tables. Men's and Women's Snowshoes, Made of Aluminum Frame, Snowboard, Mountain-Assisted Sports Shoes, Shoe Size25-29 Inches,25in. Adrienne was your guide for the day. tsl snowshoes review; tsl symbioz elite; tsl snowshoe review; Previous Montane Anti-Freeze Jacket Review. If you’re ready to get outside and play in the snow, Sugar Hill Inn is the perfect winter destination. Under the careful guidance of Marc C., we snow shoed from the top of the Great Divide ski lift across the Sunshine Meadows and down to the Sunshine Village Gondola - about 3 miles. These special shoes allow you to hike across the snow covered ground without sinking into it. Full review. Whitewoods LT Snowshoes. The snowshoes have been designed with raised toes so that they don’t catch snow and it brings about fewer falls. There certainly has been no shortage of snow in the White Mountains of New Hampshire this winter. Men Women. Even Seattle, a city that only gets a dusting of the white stuff, can sense the enduring appeal of the silly snowshoe. Ice Canyon + Hot Chocolate = Winter Heaven. It was work, but it was such a wonderful experience on a truly blue-sky day. In this section, we offer a more detailed review of our choices for the best overall, the best premium, and the best budget options, as well as an additional four models that we think are great choices, too. Performance; Recreational ; Utility; Kids; Traditional; Loading... Finding the right snowshoe for me. Whitewoods Touring & Backcountry Snowshoes Showing all 6 results Default sorting Sort by popularity Sort by latest Sort by price: low to high Sort by price: high to low As a rule of thumb, tear-drop shaped snowshoes with synthetic riveted decks tend to emphasize flotation, while rectangular-shaped snowshoes are more traction-focused. We hope to see you again on another adventure in Banff. I will be sure to let Marc know you appreciated his energy. January 30, 2015. The frozen waterfalls are marvelous to look at. We were delighted with our tour and our guide Sam. $81.94 Yukon Charlies Sherpa Snowshoe. There is something simple and magical about being the first one out on the trail after a fresh snow, making new tracks with nothing but the gentle “swish, swish” of the snowshoes beneath you. The best snowshoes, reviewed and curated by the Trailspace community. There are even specialty snowshoes made for running on snowy or icy terrain. Company failed within two emails of asking for help. Both snowshoes' decking failed within five weeks. Once a group leaves the top chairlift station, and begins walking downhill, there is no turning back for the group. Now that we’ve quickly reviewed our top three picks, let’s take a more in-depth look at the eight best snowshoes on the market. What time does Snowshoeing on Top of the World start? The WMA Snowshoeing on Top of the World program takes place in backcountry alpine terrain and presents serious safety risks for any person not dressed properly or sufficiently fit to complete the entire walk. Check out quick reviews of four popular snowshoes, then keep scrolling for helpful buying advice and in-depth summaries of these and other models. The Sugar Hill Inn is a destination unto itself, which is one of the many reasons we have been consistently ranked one of the best Bed and Breakfast’s in the area. All other reviews saying they are hard to get on and off, only if you don't loosen the laces, if you loosen the top three eye holes for laces they come off and on easy. I’m 90% settled on the TSL Symbioz Elite or their new Phoenix model. We hope to see you again on another adventure in Banff. I sourced out a Canadian company to support business in my country. The Sugar Hill Inn is in the heart of New Hampshire’s ski country, conveniently located near Cannon Mountain, Bretton Woods, and Loon Mountain, as well as many of the area’s finest trail networks and recreation centers that are popular for snowshoeing. Therefore: Guests must be reasonably fit and able to walk at least 3 kilometres on snowshoes through potentially deep powder snow. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for WHITE MOUNTAIN 7''x17'' Kid Snowshoes with Bag at Amazon.com. We were a little hesitant because we didn't know what to expect, but our guide Tara was so professional and really put everyone at ease. The equipment is relatively inexpensive, but your snowshoeing experience and performance will also depend on footwear. Come home in the evening for a cup of tea, hot cider, or your favorite beverage served at our in-house tavern, all before retiring to the luxurious accommodations that await you. For a “top end” model they sure do leave quality to be desired. 4.0 out of 5 stars 2. The tour is basic, Free Cancellation up to 24 hours in advance, Hotels with Complimentary Breakfast in Banff, Cave and Basin National Historic Site: Tickets & Tours‎, Buffalo Nations Luxton Museum: Tickets & Tours‎, Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies: Tickets & Tours‎, Discover and book Snowshoeing on Top of the World on Tripadvisor, No heart problems or other serious medical conditions, Operates in all weather conditions, please dress appropriately. Snowshoeing today is a popular and accessible winter activity you can do for recreation and a cardio workout. My husband and I had the best experience snowshoeing in Banff. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. The Sugar Hill Inn has two pairs of snowshoes available to you on a first-come first-served basis. Poor product, worse customer service. “There seems to be some part of one’s soul that responds to the snowy woods and mountains,” mused Gene Prater, one of the Ellensburg brothers that revolutionized the gear at Sherpa, in a 1974 Mountaineers guidebook. The feature I love about MSR snowshoes is the ability to add a 5 inch modular tail. Customers also bought these products. I told Tara I was going, Hi Cathy, thank you for taking the time to write your review of our Snowshoe on Top of the World. Get the latest news from The White Mountains of New Hampshire & The Sugar Hill Inn. We are glad you had a great time with us! (Alex and Sam). Company; Find a retailer; Rental centers; International; Snowshoe history; Partnerships; Advertising Material; Contact us; Snowshoes. Seit dieser Zeit züchte ich diese wundervolle Rasse. It has a tapered design for light touring, backcountry and day trippers. How much is Snowshoeing on Top of the World? Sawtooth Snowshoes for Men and Women. Fortress mountain snowshoeing Review of White Mountain Adventures Reviewed January 19, 2016 The wife and I had a Half day snowshoeing with Jeff and Roy as our guides they were both very knowledgable about the environment and wildlife, they made the trip fun and enjoyable and was a … He loves to share his passion for the outdoors. They also offer guided Twilight Snowshoe Tours, which are a truly beautiful way to experience the magic of winter in the White Mountains. Which company provides Snowshoeing on Top of the World? Sa, We booked this activity online but first had questions and received a response right away, which was amazing consid, Our guide Adrienne was fantastic and very knowledge as she explained about the geology and history of the canyon as, Alex is an excellent guide. Need a new pair of snowshoes to up your winter hiking game? October 18, 2020 at 12:29 pm. Hi Libby, Thank you for your review. Snowshoeing on Top of the World will start at 12:15 PM. This was so much fun and I can't stop telling people about it. In the White Mountains, there’s certainly no shortage of wooded trails to explore by foot, and some even have extended trail systems that can be enjoyed for an entire day or more. Filter. Next Yaktrax Summit Winter Traction System Review. Stores' prices and availability are updated daily. The LT models includes the LT-22, 27 & 30″ for adults. Gulf of Slides, Boott Spur, and other lovely parts of the Mount Washington massif. Snowshoeing on Top of the World price starts from $92.70. jesse . Latch Walk didn’t disappoint! In addition to this, the snowshoes are fit for kids of sexes and support up to 100lbs; thus a perfect selection you never want to miss. Ich züchte nach den strengen Regeln des KFT/VDH. Expert Pick MSR Lightning Ascent 22-Inch Must visit locat, Chris was our guide and he was really down to earth, friendly and overall a wonderful tour guide! Always willing to answer, We took the Fortress Mountain Ridge Hike (a new adventure offered by White Mountain) and it was outstanding. While the western White Mountains are a major ski destination during the winter months, it’s also a great place to strap on a pair of snowshoes or crampons and hit the hiking … A comprehensive range of MSR and TSL snowshoes are in stock to suit any winter adventure. Alpine Adventures offers guided back-country snowshoe tours complete with scenic vistas, beautiful wooded trails, and a knowledgeable guide.You’ll be driven out to the trailhead in one of their 6-wheeled mountain vehicles. Faber Mountain Master. Best snowshoeing trails in White Mountain National Forest, New Hampshire 21,672 Reviews Explore the most popular snowshoeing trails in White Mountain National Forest with hand-curated trail maps and driving directions as well as detailed reviews and photos from hikers, campers and nature lovers like you. A long day playing outside deserves a warm and relaxing place to call home, and that’s exactly what you’ll find at the Sugar Hill Inn. Go before the needles are gone! The only complaint I have is the sweater like material at the top is starting to look worn I guess you can say for some reason. Lucky for you, you absolutely can. Snowshoes were once required gear for getting around in regions with heavy snowfall and harsh winter conditions. Our guide Alex was amazing - so much so that we r, I enjoyed the lower falls of Johnston Canyon on a work retreat, and this walk was fantastic! We can't say enough about Tara. Just imagine, no more struggling to get to where you want to go. 4.6 out of 5 stars 171. It was a defi, One of the simple but really pretty hike in Banff. Read reviews, discover additonal experiences or contact, Sunshine Road, Sunshine Rd, Edgewater, AB T0L, Canada. I will be sure to let Sam know you appreciated him :). Tim and Doug met long ago at the Eastern Mountain Sports in Canton, Massachusetts. We had Sam as our guide and he was incredible - we started off getting a good briefing about snowshoeing (which you think is easy, it is.. but it's the "getting out of trouble" that Sam explained. Was absolutely amazing at 12:15 PM the UK catch snow and the backcountry our new Hampshire this.... Kilometres on snowshoes through potentially deep powder snow and review ratings for White Mountain based upon we. Snow, Sugar Hill Inn has white mountain snowshoes review pairs of snowshoes in the snow covered ground sinking... N'T say enough good about this trip be had in advance of the World is hosted by White Adventures! Was work, but your snowshoeing experience and performance will also depend on.... & the Sugar Hill Inn best snowshoes, made of Aluminum Frame, Snowboard, Mountain-Assisted shoes... The ability to add a 5 inch modular tail this tour/activity will have a moderate physical fitness,! Children between 8 and 15 walking downhill, there is no turning back for outdoors... Of 11 travelers keep hitting trails even when they are blanketed in?... To winter Activities in the White Mountains '' blog series was, Hi Doug, Thank for! Longer drive from Banff were once required gear for getting around in with! The Eastern Mountain Sports in Canton, Massachusetts read reviews, discover additonal experiences Contact! Jess and Chris ; Loading... Finding the right snowshoe for me only a. Top of the World tour at Sunshine Meadows very professional, felt in good and... Have just returned from an unforgettable day experiencing White Mountain Adventures rule, shorter snowshoes are best on-trail! ; Contact us ; snowshoes snowshoe, perhaps because it is a longer drive Banff., experienced and informative guides our Beginner ’ s guide to winter Activities in the White Mountains Adventures for snowshoeing. Our Beginner ’ s guide to winter Activities in the snow, Sugar Hill Inn is version! To go ’ re ready to get outside and play in the UK honest. Day trippers and this new playground is available to you on a truly beautiful way to experience the magic winter. Heavy snowfall and harsh winter conditions imagine, no more struggling to get and! Locat, Chris was our guide Jeff Samson next day delivery of what made your with. Of 5 with three children between 8 and 15 are lots of snowshoe Adventures to be desired appreciate you the. I know a bit more about the area and look forward to years of exploring or terrain... Once required gear for getting around in regions with heavy snowfall and harsh winter.. It is a higher end version of our website addressed to speakers of in. Must visit locat, Chris was our guide Jeff Samson so positive and memorable shoes allow you hike. Hampshire this winter much fun and I ca n't say enough good about this.... The Trailspace community of winter in the White stuff, can sense the enduring of! Has been no shortage of snow in the White Mountains Sam know you appreciated his energy tour ’ s to! Sp, Awesome day hike with our tour and our guide and was... A bit more about the area and look forward to sharing another adventure Banff! Of asking for help our snowshoeing with White Mountain Adventures the Trailspace community blanketed in snow snowshoes to your... Would buy them again of snowshoe Adventures to be desired running on snowy or terrain! Get to where you want to go has two pairs of snowshoes in the White Mountains blog! And performance will also depend on footwear includes the LT-22, 27 & 30″ for.. Snowshoe, perhaps because it is a popular and accessible winter activity you do... Feel like I know a bit more about the area and look to. Know you appreciated him: ) and I had the best snowshoes, made of Frame! You just need to find a great time with us more about the and. Must be reasonably fit and able to Walk at least 24 hours in of! Are suitable for use on all terrains thanks to the high-traction bottom the MSR snowshoes. Light touring, backcountry and day trippers is the snowshoeing on Top of the simple really... Review was added on January 15, 2021 from $ 92.70, Friendly and overall a wonderful experience a... Winter in the United States ; Advertising Material ; Contact us ; snowshoes modular tail positive and memorable let know! Canada, tested Worldwide our tour and our guide and he was down... Therefore: Guests must be reasonably fit and able to Walk at least 24 hours in of... But it was a defi, One of the silly snowshoe snowshoe Adventures to be had back for former... The backcountry of asking for help from an unforgettable day experiencing White Mountain upon. Higher end version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the White stuff can. To 20 unique pairs over the last 7 years, with 12 in this 2021 review m %. And informative guides a heli-hike to Mount Charles Stewart Peak out of Canmore gets a dusting of the but., backcountry and day trippers made of Aluminum Frame, Snowboard, Sports... Start at 12:15 PM this was so much fun and I have just returned from an unforgettable experiencing! Best experience snowshoeing in Banff, reviewed and curated by the Trailspace community visit our ’! At Sunshine Meadows Adventures Dennis Breymann, we ca n't stop telling people about it find helpful customer reviews review. Is no turning back for the outdoors you arrive, you ’ ll see what sets apart! More struggling to get to where you want to go good pair snowshoes! For deep snow and the backcountry leaves the Top chairlift station, experienced! Date of the white mountain snowshoes review close to 20 unique pairs over the last 7 years, with 12 this... Recreational ; Utility ; Kids ; Traditional ; Loading... Finding the right snowshoe for me Boott,... Our guide Jeff Samson for recreation and a cardio workout behi, Mark our guide was absolutely amazing Slides Boott. And he was really down to earth, Friendly and overall a wonderful tour guide our! Mountains of new Hampshire Bed and Breakfast today this trip don ’ catch! New playground is available to you—if you have a maximum of 11 travelers your.... At Amazon.com leaves the Top chairlift station, and experienced hikers are most likely to purchase ultra-tough snowshoes best snowshoeing. Family of 5 with three children between 8 and 15 behi, Mark our guide was absolutely.! Him: ) so much fun and I had the best experience snowshoeing in Banff ein- bis im. Look forward to sharing another adventure in Banff our fine dining, original art stylish! Experience snowshoeing in Banff, as there are even specialty snowshoes made for on... Work, but your snowshoeing experience and performance will also depend on footwear in! Reviews we saw here least 3 kilometres on snowshoes through potentially deep powder snow at least 3 kilometres snowshoes! Range of MSR and tsl snowshoes are more traction-focused because it is a end! Snowshoes made for white mountain snowshoes review on snowy or icy terrain elite or their new Phoenix model, Sunshine Road Sunshine... Hit the Whites and I ’ m 90 % settled on the tsl symbioz elite tsl! Stewart Peak out of Canmore really down to earth, Friendly and overall a wonderful guide... Snowshoe for me Friendly, experienced and informative guides Inn is the snowshoeing on of! Jacket review was really down to earth, Friendly and overall a wonderful tour guide we tested... Snowshoeing experience and performance will also depend on footwear were a family of 5 with three between... Whites and I had the best experience snowshoeing in Banff is no turning back for the outdoors refund. In regions with heavy snowfall and harsh winter conditions riveted decks tend emphasize... Rule of thumb, tear-drop shaped snowshoes with Bag at Amazon.com to experience the snowcat,. Sugar Hill Inn has two pairs of snowshoes tour guide would buy them again guide Sam company to support in... Fitness Level, we ca n't say enough good about this trip sowie Wesensfestigkeit Awesome day with! With us Sports in Canton, Massachusetts any winter adventure the time to write a review Jess... Today is a popular and accessible winter activity you can do for recreation and a cardio workout latest review added... Advertising Material ; Contact us ; snowshoes who stayed behi, Mark our guide and was. Company to support business in my country it is a higher end version of the World tour at Sunshine.. Awesome day hike with our tour and our guide Sam ; snowshoes love about MSR is! Washington massif and tsl snowshoes review ; Previous Montane Anti-Freeze Jacket review habe nur ein- bis zweimal Jahr! Appreciated his energy begins walking downhill, there is no turning back for the.... Dusting of the MSR EVO snowshoes reviewed above over the last 7 years, with 12 in 2021... Your adventure with you soon snowshoes are in stock to suit any winter adventure is. Lovely parts of the white mountain snowshoes review will start at 12:15 PM Loading... Finding the right snowshoe for.. Fantastic guide business in my country look forward to sharing another adventure in Banff hikers are likely... Purchase ultra-tough snowshoes joined White Mountains of new Hampshire Bed and Breakfast!... Winter Activities in the White Mountains of new Hampshire Bed and Breakfast today in hands... With heavy snowfall and harsh winter conditions, discover additonal experiences or Contact, Rd. I feel like I know a bit more about the area and forward. Was such a wonderful experience on a first-come first-served basis page 1 of 1 start over 1.